Quite just a few main cities around the globe are served by multiple airport. When this occurs, these airports are referred to as co-terminal airports, or co-terminals for brief.
In technical aviation phrases, “co-terminals” refers to a set of a number of airports which are interchangeable when issuing tickets; in the meantime, on this planet of award journey and redeeming your miles for flights, co-terminals open up a number of prospects on your award redemptions that is probably not apparent at first look.
This article will sum up all the things that you must find out about leveraging co-terminal airports to broaden your vary of prospects when reserving journeys on factors.
List of Co-Terminal Airports
First of all, right here’s an inventory of co-terminal airports around the globe with business air service. While the listing isn’t exhaustive, it ought to cowl probably the most important co-terminal groupings worldwide.
People within the frequent flyer neighborhood usually talk in IATA airport codes, and also you’ll discover that there are two varieties of IATA codes on this listing: the particular person airport codes for every airport, in addition to metropolitan codes for just a few main cities, which embody all of the airports in that metropolis.
Chicago (CHI): Midway (MDW), O’Hare (ORD)
Dallas: Dallas/Fort Worth (DFW), Love Field (DAL)
Houston: Bush Intercontinental (IAH), Hobby (HOU)
New York (NYC): JFK (JFK), LaGuardia (LGA), Newark (EWR)
South Florida: Fort Lauderdale (FLL), Miami (MIA), West Palm Beach (PBI)
Toronto (YTO): Billy Bishop (YTZ), Hamilton (YHM), Pearson (YYZ)
Washington, DC (WAS): Dulles (IAD), Reagan National (DCA)
Buenos Aires (BUE): Aeroparque (AEP), Ezeiza (EZE)
Rio de Janeiro (RIO): Galeão (GIG), Santos Dumont (SDU)
São Paulo (SAO): Congonhas (CGH), Guarulhos (GRU), Viracopos/Campinas (VCP)
Istanbul: Istanbul (IST), Sabiha Gökçen (SAW)
London (LON): City (LCY), Gatwick (LGW), Heathrow (LHR), Luton (LTN), Stansted (STN)
Milan (MIL): Bergamo (BGY), Linate (LIN), Malpensa (MXP)
Moscow (MOW): Domodedovo (DME), Sheremetyevo (SVO), Vnukovo (VNO), Zhukovsky (ZIA)
Paris (PAR): Charles de Gaulle (CDG), Orly (ORY)
Stockholm (STO): Arlanda (ARN), Bromma (BMA)
Beijing (BJS): Capital (PEK), Daxing (PKX)
Jakarta (JKT): Soekarno-Hatta (CGK), Halim Perdanakusama (HLP)
Osaka (OSA): Itami (ITM), Kansai (KIX), Kobe (UKB)
Sapporo (SPK): New Chitose (CTS), Okadama (OKD)
Seoul (SEL): Gimpo (GMP), Incheon (ICN)
Shanghai: Hongqiao (SHA), Pudong (PVG)
Taipei: Songshan (TSA), Taoyuan (TPE)
Tokyo (TYO): Haneda (HND), Narita (NRT)
Note that this listing is not merely an inventory of cities which have a number of airports. Specifically, the listing excludes airports which are served solely by low-cost or regional carriers, reminiscent of Rome’s Ciampino Airport (along with Fiumicino), Warsaw’s Modlin Airport (along with Chopin), Bangkok’s Don Mueang Airport (along with Suvarnabhumi), or Johannesburg’s Lanseria Airport (along with O.R. Tambo).
After all, the time period “co-terminals” applies to completely different airports which are handled as the identical level on a single legitimate ticket, so the point-to-point ticketing construction of low-cost carriers renders the idea meaningless. For instance, you’re by no means going to guide a single ticket with flights on each British Airways and Ryanair, or each Thai Airways and AirAsia.
Also, be aware that the listing is considerably fluid, as not all airways make use of the identical therapy of sure groupings of co-terminals.
For instance, Alaska Airlines considers further co-terminal groupings as legitimate – you possibly can see each a “Bay Area” co-terminal set (consisting of Oakland, San Francisco, and San Jose) in addition to a “Los Angeles” co-terminal set (consisting of LAX, Ontario, Burbank, Long Beach, and Santa Ana) when conducting searches on the Alaska web site.
Since completely different airways take completely different views of whether or not sure metropolis groupings depend as co-terminals, there’ll by no means be a complete itemizing of co-terminal airports. However, the above listing ought to embody probably the most significant ones that you simply’re more likely to encounter when reserving your travels.
Using Co-Terminals to Your Advantage
The key attribute of co-terminals is that they’re handled as the identical level when booked on a single ticket. What does this imply, precisely?
Well, usually whenever you fly into one airport and out of one other on the identical itinerary, that’s thought-about an open-jaw. But if the 2 airports concerned are co-terminals, it does not depend as an open-jaw and is just handled as both a layover (if it’s below 24 hours in period) or a stopover (if it’s over 24 hours).
Let’s take a look at just a few ways in which you would possibly use this to your benefit when reserving award journey.
Co-Terminals at a Destination or Stopover
One of the perfect methods to leverage co-terminals is by flying to/from an airport that’s a lot nearer to town centre on a regional flight, earlier than or after a long-haul flight out of town’s major worldwide airport.
For instance, let’s say you had been attempting to guide an Aeroplan award with a stopover in London on the best way to Asia.
Once you’ve situated house in your transatlantic flight over to Zurich, the subsequent step is so as to add on a flight between Zurich and London on the finish. Flying into London Heathrow would possibly seem to be probably the most pure selection, however why not decide one in every of Swiss’s many flights between Zurich and London City Airport as an alternative?
London City is a a lot smaller airport than Heathrow, and you may make your manner between the jet bridge and the departures corridor in half an hour. Moreover, it’s a brief journey on the Docklands Light Railway into city, and also you additionally get some killer views of the City of London upon takeoff or touchdown.
Because all of London’s airports are thought-about co-terminals, you possibly can fly into London City and out of London Heathrow in your long-haul departure to Asia, and it’ll all depend as a sound stopover in London as an alternative of an open-jaw.
Another occasion when the facility of co-terminals would possibly come in useful is when your flight bookings are dictated by restricted flight or award availability.
For instance, in the event you’re trying to fly from Lisbon to Paris, you might discover that TAP Air Portugal solely flies to Paris Orly, and never the primary airport, Paris Charles de Gaulle. If they weren’t thought-about co-terminals, you then’d be pressured to proceed the journey out of Paris Orly – a tall order at an airport dominated by low-cost carriers.
Since Orly and Charles de Gaulle are in truth co-terminals, you’d don’t have any drawback flying into Orly and out of Charles de Gaulle on the identical ticket.
The similar lesson applies whenever you’re working with restricted award availability. An ideal instance of this comes with flights and or from Japan.
No award house into and out of the identical Tokyo airport? No drawback. Narita and Haneda are co-terminals, so that you’re in a position to fly into one and out of the opposite on the identical ticket.
Whenever you’re working into restricted award house when flying to/from main cities, ask your self if there are any co-terminal airports you may use.
If you’re struggling to seek out house between Tokyo and Taipei, with each HND–TPE and NRT–TPE searches turning up empty, strive discovering a flight to Taipei’s different airport (TSA). You could also be delighted to discover a flight from Tokyo Haneda to Taipei Songshan, which might then clear up your drawback.
Co-Terminals on a Layover or Connection
Co-terminals may also be very helpful that can assist you optimize an extended layover.
An ideal instance of that is in Seoul, which is served by co-terminal airports. You can fly into Seoul Gimpo Airport, which is situated near town, after which take pleasure in a layover of as much as 24 hours.
When it comes time to depart, you may make your method to Seoul Incheon Airport, after having loved a while within the metropolis in your layover.
You might apply the identical precept to different co-terminal groupings by which one airport is considerably nearer to city than the opposite(s), reminiscent of London City (vs. Heathrow or Gatwick), Tokyo Haneda (vs. Narita), Toronto Billy Bishop (vs. Pearson), Washington Reagan National (vs. Dulles), or Buenos Aires Aeroparque (vs. Ezeiza). Flying into these smaller regional airports as an alternative of the bigger worldwide ones every time doable may give you some treasured further time on the bottom at your chosen lengthy layover level.
Meanwhile, in the event you’re merely connecting someplace as an alternative of spending an extended layover, you may also encounter the necessity to use co-terminal airports.
The most distinguished instance of that is utilizing New York JFK on Aeroplan awards: a number of Star Alliance long-haul flights depart from JFK, however in the event you’re connecting from many airports in Canada, you usually have to fly into both Newark or LaGuardia and make the journey throughout city by yourself.
Keep in thoughts that connections between co-terminals require a Minimum Connection Time (MCT) that’s completely different from the usual single-airport MCTs which you can lookup on ExpertFlyer. It’s normally smart to construct in no less than 4 hours for crosstown journeys between airports – something much less and also you’re at severe threat of lacking your onward flight in case of heavy visitors or another disruption to your journey.
Co-Terminals on the Origin
Lastly, you can too have co-terminals on the origin of your journey, permitting you to embark on the journey from one airport and return to a different.
Toronto is a good instance of this, as town is served by each Toronto Pearson (YYZ) and Toronto Billy Bishop (YTZ).
On a single reserving, you would possibly discover direct flights from Toronto Pearson (YYZ) to your vacation spot. Coming again, you would possibly solely be capable of discover award house into Montreal as an alternative of Toronto, after which select to fly from Montreal to Toronto Billy Bishop (YTZ) to get again dwelling.
Even although you’re technically utilizing two completely different airports originally and finish of your journey, since they’re co-terminals, you gained’t run into any points.
Searching and Booking Co-Terminals
When looking for award flights between cities which have co-terminals, you should definitely use the metropolitan code as an alternative of the precise airport code every time doable, with a view to cowl all the airports inside a metropolis in your search.
Most airline loyalty applications have included co-terminals routinely within the search. For instance, whenever you enter TYO because the vacation spot as an alternative of Tokyo Narita (NRT) or Tokyo Haneda (HND), you possibly can seek out Japan Airlines’s flights into each Haneda and Narita airports in a single fell swoop.
Similarly, the British Airways Avios web site works very nicely with co-terminals. Redeeming Avios on short-haul European flights is usually nice worth, and a seek for LON because the origin or vacation spot lets you seize all of British Airways’s providers out of Heathrow, Gatwick, or City Airport.
When looking for Star Alliance awards, Aeroplan and ExpertFlyer additionally can help you seek for co-terminals. A search between Chicago (ORD) and Tokyo (TYO), for instance, captures all of United and ANA’s every day direct flights between Chicago and Haneda/Narita.
Lastly, yet another nuance about co-terminals is that you simply would possibly get involuntarily re-routed to a unique co-terminal airport within the occasion of flight delays or cancellations.
For instance, in the event you’re scheduled to fly into a selected airport, say, Moscow Sheremetyevo, you may be involuntarily rerouted to Moscow Domodedovo as an alternative. If this occurs, you’re on the hook for getting throughout town, so you should definitely counsel different flights if the airline’s rerouting doesn’t jive along with your plans.
Co-terminal airports open up a wider vary of prospects whenever you’re redeeming miles for journey. By profiting from the truth that co-terminals are handled as a single level when booked on the identical itinerary, you possibly can fly into smaller centrally-located airports for a smoother journey, maximize your lengthy layovers, and get out of tight spots when award house is restricted.
Co-terminals are one more great tool to maintain round as you search to maximise your flight redemptions. If you’re caught with a selected section on a fancy reserving, you should definitely take into account all the airports at your disposal, as you might be pleasantly shocked.